Letham Shank Farm - Crops, Machinery and Livestock

 

Letham Shank Farming Glossary

Common terms used in Agriculture and the Countryside.

Here are the results for the letter - E

Earthworm
Estimates say that up to 7.5 million earthworms live in every hectare of ground. They are essential to the health of the soil, they draw organic matter down, bring subsoil up and their burrows assist drainage and aeration.

Elder
A quick growing shrub (Sambucus) which has massses of white flowers in summer which can be used for making wine and black berries in autumn which are used for pies jams etc.

Elm
A slow growing hardwood tree (Ulmus) once extremely common in hedgerows and woods but suffered from Dutch Elm Disease in the late 20th century. Slowly being replanted by Wych Elm which is resistant to this disease.

Equinox
The two points of the year when the sun is directly overhead at the equator. Roughly March 20th and September 22nd. This means at that time both North and South hemispheres are receiving the same amount of radiation.

Ergot
A disease of cereal ears caused by a fungus. Seeds are replaced by black poisonous spore producing bodies. It is not common nowadays due to high seed standards.

Erosion
A natural process whereby rocks, soil and other deposits are worn away by the action of water, ice, or wind.

Evapotranspiration
The sum of evaporation and plant transpiration of water from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Evaporation accounts for the movement of water to the air from sources such as the soil, leaf surfaces and waterbodies. Transpiration accounts for the movement of water within a plant and the subsequent loss to atmosphere.

Ewe
A female sheep, generally after her first lambing.

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